Week 6: Aid Policy

“The Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) is a programme cycle for aid organisations to plan, coordinate, fund, implement, and monitor their response to disasters and emergencies, in consultation with governments.”

GNI (Gross National Income) is the total amount of value from producers (in a single nation) plus taxes and income received other nations. It is an important economic indicator because it provides a clearer picture of the state of an economy. The GNI of Malawi has been reduced since 2010 (350 million American dollars.

Official Development Assistance (ODA) is a term defined, in 1969, by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-Operations and Development (OECD), as the ubiquitous indicator of the way in which international aid is distributed. It is the primary measure involved when discussing aid flows. Countries which have high aid flows tend to receive slightly fewer aid dollars because these flows are reported. Donors are able to see where this amount is and tend to distribute their dollars elsewhere.

U.S. Foreign aid is a difficult subject to tackle. There are educated, yet conflicting opinions which are comprised of one side which wishes to increase aid dollars, and another which wishes to reduce them. While the case against aid is rational and quite well-argued, they simply do not transcend the moral imperative nor the over-arching goals that aid can achieve: a safer, more prosperous world community. U.S. Foreign Aid does not only account for aid dollars, but this is the metric that we use to measure it. Aid dollars is one component. The other component is military.

flickr.com
flickr.com

Military aid can consist of soldiers, armor, and vehicles used around the world. U.S. soldiers distribute supplies, build infrastructure, and defend the recipients of aid, as well as others from danger.

Specifically in Malawi, an aid program called Malawi Health Equity Network has been working to reduce the effects of illness in that country, with a limited US aid budget. The program’s director, Martha Kwataine, lobbied successfully to include 12,200 new scholarships in the Malawi budget. She believes that it is important to improve health service in developing nations.

oxfamamerica.org
oxfamamerica.org

According to the OECD, Policy Coherence for Development was a framework put in place to streamline the aid process. Doing away with the “donor centric” ways of the 8th MDG, it organized aid to cohere with other factors at work in the regions, such as local government and environmental impact.

U.S. Foreign Aid provides a major contribution to the efforts to curb the debilitating effects of poverty and illness in developing nations. But there are blind spots and places that the U.S. refuses to lend. They can be helped by increasing the aid dollars in the Foreign Aid budget. Though many might decry it as half-a-measure or even a foolish one.

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