Consolidated Appeals, Official Development Assistance, and Burkina Faso [Week 6]

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP)

The Consolidated Appeals Process is a cooperative approach between aid organizations and local governments. It works to coordinate relief efforts, allot resources, and make a plan of action in the event of a disaster or emergency in event in a country. Together, these organizations form a Common Humanitarian Action Plan, which is the framework for a formal Consolidated Appeal. The Consolidated Appeal then outlines a specific plan of action and the necessary funds or resources required to achieve it. There have been four appeals in Burkina Faso, including a Flash Appeal (or emergency appeal) .

The GNI of Burkina Faso

The GNI of Burkina Faso increased from 600 to 670 over the past four years.

Oxfam’s Call for developed countries to meet financial commitments

While the concept of an official development assistance rate was formulated in 1958, the rate of 0.7% wasn’t brought forth as a serious consideration until 1970. The goal of the o.7% rate is to have countries commit in law a small portion of their gross national income to aid assistance, and by doing so, preventing the amount of aid from falling as it is often prone to do. When aid promises fail, it can leave a developing nation or an aid organization at a disadvantage. This past year in the United Kingdom, the o.7% rate was pushed by a Parliament member, successfully gaining enough traction to continue on the journey to be solidified in law.

The ODA of Burkina Faso

In Burkina Faso, it seems as if the ODA quote of 0.7% has been met.  According to the Istanbul Programme of Action, development assistance to least developed countries should be between 0.15-0.20% of their gross national income (GNI). In 2012, Burkina Faso received 1.30% of their GNI in official development assistance. Major donors that year included the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

Aid from the United States

In the year 2012, the United States gave $30.55 million on official development assistance. This year, Burkina Faso has received around$14.25 million in assistance. Although Burkina Faso receives aid from a combination of developed countries every year, that aid is funneled into different projects and estimated need areas. Documents like the Paris Declaration help outline measures for a more effective aid use.

Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) and the MDGs

Policy Coherence Development is an attempt to address some of the shortcomings found in Millennium Development Goal #8. The goal was to establish a better working relationship between developed and developing nations, but not much has changed over the course of the MDGs. What policy coherence attempts to do is to build a better network between these nations, utilizing aid money and resources in such a way that not only are sustainable solutions found but also bringing many voices into play about what policy are necessary to make lasting solutions.

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